Be Alert When Puberty Comes LateBe Alert When Puberty Comes Late - Often a 13-year-old boy who has not yet experienced a change in voice or a girl who has not yet developed breast development at the age of 12 is considered to have delayed puberty. However, not only that. Get to know other signs, to anticipate puberty late or even earlier.
Puberty is a time when children's bodies develop into adults, both physically and psychologically. In some children, youth that comes sooner or later than it should be a sign of a severe condition.
Puberty in ChildrenIn girls, puberty begins with the development of breasts, growing pubic hair, and the onset of the menstrual cycle. Generally, this change starts when children are 8-13 years old. The overall body shape will also change with the size of the hips widening.
While in boys, puberty begins with an enlarged penis, changes in sound that become heavier, the contours of the body muscles will be more precise, the chest more fields, with broad shoulders. This condition generally starts at the age of 9-14 years.
Changes in body shape during puberty, are caused by increased production of the hormone estrogen in women and the hormone testosterone in men.
Causes of Puberty Come Early or LatePuberty that comes early is usually more common in girls. Generally caused by the following things:
- Disorders of the thyroid gland or ovary.
- Genetic condition.
- Brain disorders due to tumours, infections, radiotherapy side effects and postoperative results.
- Other causes that not known with certainty.
Be Alert When Puberty Comes Late - Meanwhile, puberty that arrives late in girls can be characterised by breasts that have not grown to the age of 13 years or have not menstruated until the age of 15 years. In boys, the testes have not developed to be larger until the period of 14 years.
In some children, the cause of late puberty is not specific. Several factors might be the cause, including:
- Malnutrition, which can occur in children with eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa.
- Genetic disorders such as Turner syndrome, Kallman syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome.
- Chronic diseases such as diabetes, kidney disease (cystic fibrosis).
- Disorders of the thyroid gland, ovary, testis or pituitary gland (pituitary).
- Sexual development diseases, such as androgen insensitivity syndrome.
- Delayed growth and development are inherited, namely the pattern of delay in puberty in the family.
- Lack of fat composition in the body of girls who have a too much physical activity or are also active in sports.
- Take certain drugs, such as cyclophosphamide (a type of chemotherapy drug) or long-term corticosteroid therapy.
If you find this condition, the first step to dealing with it is to see a doctor. Puberty that arrives early and arrives late needs to address according to the cause. If needed, doctors can give medicines to regulate hormone levels in the body.